2017 Annual Water Quality Report

City of Jal Water System

 

Spanish (Espanol)

Este informe contiene informacion muy importante sobre la calidad de su agua beber. Traduscalo o hable con alguien que lo entienda bien.

Is my water safe?

We are pleased to present this year's Annual Water Quality Report (Consumer Confidence Report) as required by the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). This report is designed to provide details about where your water comes from, what it contains, and how it compares to standards set by regulatory agencies. This report is a snapshot of last year's water quality. We are committed to providing you with information because informed customers are our best allies.

Do I need to take special precautions?

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Water Drinking Hotline (800-426-4791).

 

Where does my water come from?

The City of Jal has 4 wells located approximately 8 miles southwest of city limits. These wells are located within the Jal Water Basin.

 

Source water assessment and its availability

The City of Jal participated in the 2011 sanitary survey. and had deficiencies that were addressed. The City has no official Source Water Assessment. The Utility Department has requested assistance from New Mexico Rural Water Association to complete this project.

 

Why are there contaminants in my drinking water?

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791). The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity: microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, that may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife; inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial, or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming; pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses; organic Chemical Contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems; and radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities. In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.

 

How can I get involved?

The City of Jal holds monthly city council meetings on the second Monday of each month, at City Hall, starting at 5:30 p.m.

 

Description of Water Treatment Process

Your water is treated by disinfection. Disinfection involves the addition of chlorine or other disinfectant to kill dangerous bacteria and microorganisms that may be in the water. Disinfection is considered to be one of the major public health advances of the 20th century.

 

Water Conservation Tips

Did you know that the average U.S. household uses approximately 400 gallons of water per day or 100 gallons per person per day? Luckily, there are many low-cost and no-cost ways to conserve water. Small changes can make a big difference - try one today and soon it will become second nature.

Take short showers - a 5 minute shower uses 4 to 5 gallons of water compared to up to 50 gallons for a bath.

Use a water-efficient showerhead. They're inexpensive, easy to install, and can save you up to 750 gallons a month.

Run your clothes washer and dishwasher only when they are full. You can save up to 1,000 gallons a month.

Fix leaky toilets and faucets. Faucet washers are inexpensive and take only a few minutes to replace. To check your toilet for a leak, place a few drops of food coloring in the tank and wait. If it seeps into the toilet bowl without flushing, you have a leak. Fixing it or replacing it with a new, more efficient model can save up to 1,000 gallons a month.

Adjust sprinklers so only your lawn is watered. Apply water only as fast as the soil can absorb it and during the cooler parts of the day to reduce evaporation.

Visit www.epa.gov/watersense for more information.

 

Cross Connection Control Survey

The purpose of this survey is to determine whether a cross-connection may exist at your home or business. A cross connection is an unprotected or improper connection to a public water distribution system that may cause contamination or pollution to enter the system. We are responsible for enforcing cross-connection control regulations and insuring that no contaminants can, under any flow conditions, enter the distribution system. If you have any of the devices listed below please contact us so that we can discuss the issue, and if needed, survey your connection and assist you in isolating it if that is necessary.

  • Boiler/ Radiant heater (water heaters not included)
  • Underground lawn sprinkler system
  • Pool or hot tub (whirlpool tubs not included)
  • Additional source(s) of water on the property
  • Decorative pond
  • Watering troughPublic Notice: Monitoring and Reporting of Compliance Data Violations 
  • Monitoring violations for Total Haloacetic Acids (HAA5) and Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM), under the Disinfection By-Products Rule issued for the period of 1-1-2017 to 12-31-2017. We failed to sample for these constituents in September 2017. To correct this, a third-party has been contracted to provide technical assistance to the City of Jal to meet our regulatory sampling and reporting requirements.  
  • Monitoring violations for e-coli issued for the period of 1-1-2017 to 3-28-2017 for failure to submit a site sampling plan. An approved site sampling is on file with NMED with no further violations for monitoring e-coli issued.

 

Additional Information for Lead

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. Jal Water System is responsible for providing high quality drinking water but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.

 

Additional Information for Arsenic

While your drinking water meets EPA's standard for arsenic, it does contain low levels of arsenic. EPA's standard balances the current understanding of arsenic's possible health effects against the costs of removing arsenic from drinking water. EPA continues to research the health effects of low levels of arsenic which is a mineral known to cause cancer in humans at high concentrations and is linked to other health effects such as skin damage and circulatory problems.

 

Water Quality Data Table

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of contaminants in water provided by public water systems. The table below lists all of the drinking water contaminants that we detected during the calendar year of this report. Although many more contaminants were tested, only those substances listed below were found in your water. All sources of drinking water contain some naturally occurring contaminants. At low levels, these substances are generally not harmful in our drinking water. Removing all contaminants would be extremely expensive, and in most cases, would not provide increased protection of public health. A few naturally occurring minerals may actually improve the taste of drinking water and have nutritional value at low levels. Unless otherwise noted, the data presented in this table is from testing done in the calendar year of the report. The EPA or the State requires us to monitor for certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do not vary significantly from year to year, or the system is not considered vulnerable to this type of contamination. As such, some of our data, though representative, may be more than one year old. In this table you will find terms and abbreviations that might not be familiar to you. To help you better understand these terms, we have provided the definitions below the table.

Contaminants

 

MCLG
or
MRDLG

 

MCL,
TT, or
MRDL

 

Detect In
Your Water

 

Range

 

Sample
Date

 

Violation

 

Typical Source

Low

High

Disinfectants & Disinfection By-Products

(There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants)

Chlorine (as Cl2) (ppm)

4

4

0.5

0.40

0.50

2017

No

Water additive used to control microbial contaminants

TTHMs [Total Trihalomethanes] (ppb)

NA

80

2.01

1.6

2.01

2016

No

By-product of drinking water disinfection

Inorganic Contaminants

Arsenic (ppb)

0

10

6.0

NA

NA

2017

No

Erosion of natural deposits

Barium (ppm)

2

2

ND

NA

NA

2017

No

Discharge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits

Chromium (ppm)

0.1

0.1

0.002

NA

NA

2017

No

Found in cigarettes, some of our foods and in the air

Fluoride (ppm)

4

4

2.28

NA

NA

2017

No

Erosion of natural deposits; Discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories

Nitrate [measured as Nitrogen] (ppm)

10

10

1.54

NA

NA

2017

No

Runoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits

Selenium (ppb)

50

50

5.0

NA

NA

2017

No

Discharge from petroleum and metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits; Discharge from mines

 

Microbiological Contaminants

Total Coliform               (# positive samples/month)

0

0

0

NA

NA

2017

No

Naturally present in the environment

 

Radioactive Contaminants

Alpha emitters (pCi/L)

0

15

7.1

2.4

7.1

2012

No

Erosion of natural deposits

Radium (combined 226/228) (pCi/L)

0

5

.65

NA

NA

2012

No

Erosion of natural deposits

Uranium (ug/L)

0

30

7

NA

NA

2012

No

Erosion of natural deposits

 

Volatile Organic Contaminants

Volatile Organic Contaminants

0

5.0

ND

ND

ND

2017

No

Discharge from industrial sources. We had no detections of Volatile Organic Compounds.

 

Contaminants

MCLG

AL

Your
Water

Sample
Date

# Samples
Exceeding AL

Exceeds AL

Typical Source

Inorganic Contaminants

Copper - action level at consumer taps (ppm)

1.3

1.3

0.096

2017

0

No

Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits

Lead - action level at consumer taps (ppb)

0

15

0.55

2017

0

No

Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits

Asbestos (MFL)

7

7

0.2

2017

0

No

Decay of asbestos cement water mains; Erosion of natural deposits

 

Unit Descriptions

Term

Definition

ug/L

ug/L : Number of micrograms of substance in one liter of water

ppm

ppm: parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/L)

ppb

ppb: parts per billion, or micrograms per liter (µg/L)

pCi/L

pCi/L: picocuries per liter (a measure of radioactivity)

MFL

MFL: million fibers per liter, used to measure asbestos concentration

NA

NA: not applicable

ND

ND: Not detected

NR

NR: Monitoring not required, but recommended.

 

Important Drinking Water Definitions

Term

Definition

MCLG

MCLG: Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

MCL

MCL: Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

TT

TT: Treatment Technique: A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

AL

AL: Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

 

Variances and Exemptions

Variances and Exemptions: State or EPA permission not to meet an MCL or a treatment technique under certain conditions.

MRDLG

MRDLG: Maximum residual disinfection level goal. The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

MRDL

MRDL: Maximum residual disinfectant level. The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

MNR

MNR: Monitored Not Regulated

MPL

MPL: State Assigned Maximum Permissible Level

 

Monitoring and Reporting Violation

Explanation

Length

Health Effects Language

Explanation and Comment

Ground Water Standard

Monitoring violation for e-coli issued for failing to submit a site sampling plan.

01-01-2017 to 03-28-2017

Inadequately treated water may contain disease-causing organisms. These organisms include bacteria, viruses, and parasites, which can cause symptoms such as nausea, cramps, diarrhea, and associated headaches.

An approved sampling plan has been submitted and on file.

Ground Water Standard

Monitoring violation for Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM),

01-01-2017 to 12-31-2017

Some people who drink water containing trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may experience problems with their liver, kidneys, or central nervous systems, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer.

Sampling for TTHMs in September 2017 was not performed.

Ground Water Standard

Monitoring violation for Total Haloacetic Acids (HAA5)

01-01-2017 to 12-31-2017

Some people who drink water containing haloacetic acids in excess of the MCL over many years may have an increased risk of getting cancer.

Sampling for HAA5 in September 2017 was not performed

For more information please contact:

Contact Name: Van Myrick
Address: 309 Main Street
Jal, NM 88252
Phone: 575-395-3340